Spatio-temporal distribution of oral cancer mortality in Minas Gerais, Brazil, 2006 - 2013
In Brazil, there is a regional variation in and mortality by cancer of the mouth. Differences in the distribution of the rate of this type of mortality are attributed to the consumption of cigarettes and alcohol, socioeconomic conditions, diet or genetic characteristics. Aim: To compare the spatial distribution of deaths by cancer of the mouth between the macro-regions of health of the state of Minas Gerais between 2006 and 2013 and identify the formation of agglomerates of deaths by cancer of the mouth. Methodology: This is an ecological study that used the data made available by the System of Information on Mortality (SIM) and based on Chapter 2 of ICD-10. The geographic pattern was built through thematic maps of the distributions of rates mortality, as the macro-regions of health and year. Results: In the period studied 2.263 deaths occurred for cancer of the mouth in Minas Gerais, being, 1751(77,38%) men and 512 (22.62%) women. There was a trend of growth in the rate of mortality from cancer of the mouth in Minas Gerais, mainly for the male gender. You can say that deaths occurred for cancer of the mouth in all macro-regions of the state and that the geographic distribution of these deaths occurred in a heterogeneous way. Conclusion: The highest rate of deaths in men suggest the need of developing programs directed to this population in Minas Gerais Brazilian state.
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